Manuscript template

The following manuscript template provides:

  • Prefilled text to continue on;
  • Instructions on completing each section according the STORBE guidelines for cross-sectional studies;
  • Download the final manuscript.
Manuscript Template

Manuscript Template


Indicate the study’s design with a commonly used term in the title or the abstract



Provide in the abstract an informative and balanced summary of what was done and what was found

[Briefly describe the background or context of your study, including why the topic is important and what previous research has been done in the field.]

[Describe the methods you used to conduct your survey, including the population sampled, the data collection instrument, the response rate, and any statistical methods used to analyze the data.]

[Summarize the main findings of your survey, including any significant trends or patterns you identified in the data. Use statistics or percentages to highlight your main findings.]

[Provide a brief conclusion of your study, including the implications of your findings and any recommendations for future research. Be sure to address the research question or hypothesis you set out to investigate.]

Keywords (Add 3-5 keywords)


Explain the scientific background and rationale for the investigation being reported.
Explain the State specific objectives, including any prespecified hypotheses.

First paragrapg Broad overview on the topic composed of 5 lines paragrapg with an average of 5 references

Second paragrapg More specific overview on the topic composed of 5 lines paragrapg with an average of 5 references

Project aim The aim of this study was (Add your study aim)


Study design:Present key elements of study design early in the paper
Settings: Describe the setting, locations, and relevant dates, including periods of recruitment, exposure, follow-up, and data collection
Participants: Give the eligibility criteria, and the sources and methods of selection of participants. Explain how the study size was arrived at
Variables: Clearly define all outcomes, exposures, predictors, potential confounders, and effect modifiers. Give diagnostic criteria, if applicable
Statistical methods:Describe all statistical methods, including descriptive and inferential statistics

This was a (Add study design), for patients who (describe target population) at (setting where the study took place). We obtained institutional review board (IRB) committee approval from (institution name and approval number). Due to the retrospective data collection method, patient’s consents were waived. The study was conducted in concordance with latest declaration of Helsinki.

We collected data from (Center name) for (study duration) period from (start and end date for data collection). We included patients who met the following inclusion criteria: (Add inclusion criteria). We excluded patients with (add exclusion criteria). We estimated the sample size to be (Add number), which was based on prior literature. (Or add sample size calculation method)

In this study, we used (Add the name of the questionnaire used). (Add short description and citation for the Survey) We obtained demographic characteristics for each included patient including (Add demographic data collected). We also obtained (Add each variable tested and the method of testing it). We extracted (Add details on how you extracted new variables from existing ones) *** This should be detailed as possible ***

Statistical analysis
We used SPSS version 26.0 (Chicago, USA) in our analysis. We used mean (± standard deviation) to describe continuous variables. We used count (frequency) to describe other nominal variables. We performed the following comparison tests to compare different variables: (Add test used and variables assessed by the test) We performed the following correlation to tests to assess different variables: (Add test used and variables assessed by the test) All underlying assumptions were met. We adopted a p value of 0.05 as a significant threshold.


Report numbers of individuals screened initially and finally involved
Give characteristics of study participants (eg demographic, clinical, social)
Indicate number of participants with missing data for each variable of interest
Report means and standard deviation (i.e., values for central tendency along with dispersion
Report exact p-values for significant and non-significant results

Descriptive staistics
A total of add number patients were included in this study, with a mean age of mean age (± standard deviation) years. They were number (proportion%) men and number (proportion%) women. Table 1 details the characteristics of included sample (Add a table that describe collected data).

Inferential staistics
Add inferential statistics from most important to least important


Summarise key results with reference to study objectives
Give a cautious overall interpretation of results
Discuss limitations of the study, taking into account sources of potential bias or imprecision.

Summarize the main strength points and the main findings in this study as the first paragraph in the discussion and how did you answer the stated aim.

Provide 1-3 paragraphs that put your results in the context of current literature. Optimally, 10-20 recent references should be used during the discussion, with an average length of this part being 1-2 pages.

We believe our study has several limitations that should be considered in future studies. First, (add study limitations sequentially (e.g., small sample size, a test that was not done … etc)).


Try to use recent references

Add references